Burials Page 2

Here's a few items that didn't make it to burial page one.  There's still a lot of under-represented regions.  Still looking for half-way decent photos from Portugal, Ireland, France, Northern Italy and the Low Countries.


La Atalayuela, Ebro Valley

These individuals were mostly buried in the same direction, but not necessarily due east.  Plenty of archer's gear, knives and bell beakers and bowls.  Each individual is buried in the flexed position, lithics are characteristic of Bell Beakers.  One or two individuals had an arrowhead to the back of the head.  The large burial mound appears to have been continually reopened.

La Atalayuela (Ignacio Barandiaran)

Male Archer, Grave 15, Basque Country, La Atalayuela (Ignacio Barandiaran)
Another view of Male Archer from Grave 15, La Atalayuela (Ignacio Barandiaran)

Gandia, Valencia

Tomb in La Vital in Gandía (Prestige and Eternity, 2013)
The silo pit with an individual burial is a new tradition in Valencia with the emergence of Beaker culture.

Polish Bell Beakers are rather distinct having short heads.  This is especially true with Beakers from Zlota where the distinctions are pronounced.  Recent discoveries have shifted the entire Beaker world to the northern border of Poland and Belarus.

It is possible that a significant maternal substrate from the Beakers continues within the Northeast (Poland, Belarus and Northwest Russia) being that maternal lineages of apparent Iberian origin are strong within this region.

Beradz, stanowisko 1, grave 2, Poland (Makarowicz)

Male Archer, Beradz, stanowisko 1, grave 5, Poland(Makarowicz)

Male Archer looking East.  Samborzec, stanowisko 1, grave 3 (Makarowicz)
A very unusual pose.  Could it be that the man was morbidly obese?  His grave contains archer's equipment and fine goods, his head north and his face looks to the rising sun.

Zlota, stonowisko 3, grave 381, Poland (Makarowicz)

Zlota, stanowisko 3 ("Nad Wawrem") grave 379 (Makarowicz)


Male Archer, Grave 7, Kölsa, Landkreis Delitzsch, Germany (Matthias Conrad, 2007)
Undecorated bell beaker.  Archer.  He has a dagger similar to those of Poland Beakers.  Microscopic analysis of his stone tools makes it appear that he was a metal smith.  There is also some artifacts which have typological similarities with Corded traditions.  24th century.

Like many of the Central European Bell Beaker graves, the cultural accumulation of Unetice-like things is showing in some objects which gradually increases.

Another view of the Breising Bowman from page 1
When was the wife of the Breising Bogenschutze buried?  A kind of sati?

Southern Britain
Burial 7, Harrogate (Walsh, 2013)
"Burial 7 in grave 2 has the earliest date at 2294-2057 cal BC. Burial 7 is a male adult aged in the late 20s and was around 5’4 to 5’5 (160-163cm) in stature. During childhood this individual suffered an episode of physiological stress which affected his dental development at around the ages of 2-3. During his life this individual also developed a pattern of dental wear to his upper central incisors and right lateral incisor which may be the result of using the teeth for some activity.
Before he was buried a grave-pit was dug on the north side of the barrow, this was dug before the raising of the barrow. When it was time for his burial, the man was laid on his left side in a flexed position with his head to the east and his hands raised up to his face."  (Walsh, 2013)

Pavlov, Moravia
The following graves within Moravia are from the Beaker Days summit of 2007 from Eva Drozdova and a few others. 

Hulin, Moravia

Tesetice, CZ

H27, Tesetice, Male Archer


Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (Lemercier)

Behind the head of this man you can make out a dagger blade.  Lemercier considers him a native individual that adopted Beaker culture.  No further explanation is given.  Here''s another view..

Sépulture de La Fare (Forcalquier, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Plan d’après A. Müller et photographie O. Lemercier           "Le Campaniforme dans le sud-est de la France"

Same as above (Lemercier)

 Figure 59 : Les Juilléras (Mondragon, Vaucluse). Sépultures ST. 1 et ST. 25.  (Lemercier)   "Le Campaniforme dans le sud-est de la France"

Grave 69 

A young man about 17 to 19 years old.  From the same cemetery as the Acher de Alscae.  Buried in a wooden box.  In addition to the pottery, there appears to have also been a basket buried with him.  It is possible he was wrapped in linen before being put in the basket.  He was buried with a boar's tusk pendant and two beakers.  In addition to his tusk pendant, it would also appear from the morphology of five of eight arrowheads, that his Beaker ancestor's came from Central Europe, possibly Germany or Bohemia.  He also has three tanged arrowheads.  This may reflect his mixed ancestry, again having some influences from the Single Grave culture.


Uppermains of Caterline Cist


QLB4 Quenlinburg

QLB5 Quedlinburg

Les Juilleras, Mondragon, Vaucluse
Sépultures ST. 1 et ST. 25.photographies O. Lemercier (will update later)


Gristhorpe Man

Salsbury and Wiltshire Museum