This paper by Daza begins looking at Peninsular dogs from the Late Neolithic to the Bronze Age beginning with, at least in this preliminary paper, grading on osteometric traits against other populations. Already the results are surprising as all Neolithic dogs are tightly clustered. However with the apparent emergence of the Bell Beaker phenomenon, it is possible to see greater morphological diversity that begins moving toward modern improved breeds.
|Castilian Galgo Español (Omar Curros Simon)|
But the most interesting dog in this set is dog #1 as seen below in the Canonical Variate Analysis below. This dog was buried with a Bell Beaker man in the Meseta (plateau) region of Spain. If I am reading this correctly, it appears that the dog clusters with a morphology consistent with a sighthound.
For this body-type to be found within the pseudo-steppe ecology of the Spanish grasslands is fairly significant, since it strongly suggests that this was a working dog. Dog #1 appears between the physical dimensions of a greyhound and the pre-Columbian viringo (being that the modern dog reference set was limited to only a few major types).
|Fig 7. Canonical Variate Analysis on Dog Groups. #1 is Bell Beaker|
#6 was a ditch dog and is kind of hovering out there by itself. In any case, this is the preliminary paper, a thesis will follow, and then apparently a larger study.
|Fig 2. Camino de las Yeseras. Beaker dog. (Area Consultores S.L.)|
On that note, I pasted this from the Perdigoes research blog last year. This is the presentation, publishing may follow:
"...a synthesis about the Bell Beaker phenomena at Perdigões will be presented at a meeting to be held in the University of Lisbon next May."This will be interesting because Perdigoes is large and old, but also because it is within a geological region that likely supplied copper ingot or works to the castillos on the coast. So something interesting may have gone on at this location. Also from the Perdigoes research blog, there will also be before long a very large archaeogenetic study on ancient Iberian aurochs and cattle.
Daza Perea, A., (2017). Preliminary Studies of Late Prehistoric Dog (Canis lupus f. Familiaris Linnaeus, 1758) Remains from the Iberian Peninsula: Osteometric and 2D Geometric Morphometric Approaches. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology. 27(1), p.Art. 12. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pia-487