Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Corded Ware Cultures Actually Related? (Semenov, Bulat, 2015)

Previously I hypothesized that ceramic pottery technology was part of a package brought by immigrants from the Baikal region sometime before the end of the PPNB and that these people, to the West at least, were members of the R1 paragroup (also Q).

This paper discusses a possible genetic relationship and deep ancestry of the Corded Ware cultures. 


Corded-style pottery can also be found in the Americas and South Asia, which sounds nuts that they would be somehow related but makes total sense since we are dealing with Holocene depopulation of the Trans-Baikal area at about the same time.  Semenov and Bulat make a case for the Americas, however there's several paths that I see that can get us there.

It's unlikely IMO, that R1a or Q had any significant input into Japan before the Kofun Period (as the authors suggest for the cording style around 3k B.C.  Also high quality Jomon pottery at that point was already around 7,000 years old or more.  But it's also possible there was insignificant communication or gene-flow between the continent and Japan at that early time and maybe that explains some of the stylization.  They make this latter case.

I suspect another interesting story beyond the scope of this paper will be the changes that were happening in the Euphrates and Zargos region around the same time (R1b largely IMO).  It's pretty clear to some that the ethnic composition and social structure changed, not evolved, around this time in certain communities.  I can't comment more, however I put it out there for discussion, argument, kindling, whatever.

Again, 'Desert Island Gold Watch'.

Possible North-Eastern Connections of the R1a1-populations of Corded Ware Culture According to the Archaeologic and Paleogenetic Data, Alexander S. Semeno, Vladimir V. Bulat   Russian Journal of Biological Research, 2015, Vol. (5), Is. 3 [Link]


Abstract
Our new work considers the problems of paleogenetics, archeology and antropology connected with origins of Corded Ware culture and early migration of Y-DNA R1 carriers. This work considers the Second Corded Ware Center on the Far East and Yakutia and its connection with the Eastern European one. Authors examine the hypothesis that the two Corded Ware cultures have the common source.
Keywords: R1a1, Mesolithic, Yuzni Oleni Ostrov, paleogenetics, paleolinguistics, subclades, Yakutia, Na-Dene.




9 comments:

  1. I have hypothesized that pyramids and ziggurats derive from Lake Baikal sealers becoming proficient at ice(and timber/sod) block cutting for access and food storage, evidence includes sealing there 9ka, Oannes/Janus/Johannes sage of Sumer originally stemming from northern immigrants to Sumeria wearing sealcapes with seal head/caul left on, appearing to natives as fish-headed or two-headed, thus the year-end Anu/annual myths. Catal Huyuk oldest layer was squared timber, only later brick.

    ReplyDelete
  2. There's also a corded decoration in the Neolithic of SE China, several cultures display it long before anything similar appeared in the West.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks for bringing this up. Do you know what age of the SE Asian Cord pottery? I ask because the age of ceramics in China.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. OK:
      → Pengtoushan culture, 7500-6100 BCE, middle Yangtze: "cord-marked pottery".
      → Hemudu culture, 5300-3300 BCE, Shanghai area: "the pottery was sometimes also cord-marked" (example: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/CMOC_Treasures_of_Ancient_China_exhibit_-_black_pottery_cauldron.jpg)
      → Yangshao culture, 5000-3000 BCE, Yellow river (surely the proto-Han culture), example: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CMOC_Treasures_of_Ancient_China_exhibit_-_pottery_ding.jpg
      → Dapenkeng culture, 4000-3000 BCE, North Taiwan: "pottery impressed with cord marks"

      Delete
    2. I haven't found anything clear about Zenpiyan (7000-5500, Pearl River) but I believe from memory they also used corded pots.

      Delete
    3. Just looking at a single detail is not enough to establish connection, it seems that for whatever reason corded decoration (and maybe other motifs) were just common: a simple idea that many different people developed independently.

      Delete
    4. Great references and sorry for the late reply. Yeah it is probably just a simple design but I'm also intrigued by its seeming Asian roots. (Probably the same could be said for most ceramic)

      Delete
  4. I have heard, though I can't recall where, that some Northeast Indian potters make corded ware to this day. Apparently when shaping pottery with a wooden paddle wrapping it in cord keeps the paddle from sticking to the clay - and also leaves pretty marks.

    ReplyDelete
  5. I'm also fairly sceptical that putting all corded decoration together tells us anything much. We also see corded decoration among the 'Comb Ware' of northern Sweden, Norway and Finland and NW Russia by 4500 BC, so we don't have to look to the Baikal region for the idea.

    ReplyDelete