This post is about the so-called Ciempozuelo-Bros that are popping up with early Iberian Beakers (A term I use jokingly to refer to trace ancestry associated with Africa). A few outliers specific to Iberia are not so much important for the Bell Beakers generally (other than showing genetic relation with sites such as Ifri d'Amir where the influence on early Continental Beaker ceramic styles are well noted), but it is conversely important for the very ethnogenesis of modern North African Berbers.
In fact, this individual, I4246 Camino de las Yeseras (San Fernando de Henares, Community of Madrid, Spain) is highly typical of a Moroccan Berber, as you can see by his uni-parental markers:
E1b1b1a and mtDNA haplogroup M1a1b, highly typical of Neolithic pre-Berber sites such as Ifri d'mar. Could his genetic affinity be mistaken for a Berber? Apparently so. If we took a Late Neolithic North African man and crossed him with a Central Spanish Beaker woman, what is the result? Much of the modern Berber tribes?
But let's look closer at pre-Islamic Berber religion, mitochondrial haplogroup profiles, heritable characteristics (like lactase persistence and blood polarity) other cultural attributes. The reason why I4246 is important is because much of the North African Beaker pottery is essentially a downgrade of the Central Spanish pottery. It's out of this milleu that the Berber nation is formed across North Africa, its solar religion and burial practices. Whereas European Bell Beakers are strictly dominated by R1b-M269 subclades, it would appear that a reverse process happened in Africa (although DF27 in Tunisia and Canary Islands require some explanation).
In the previous post, "Marauding Mesetans Take Booty", my interpretation of the current data is that Iberia's vast pseudo-steppe plateaus are looking like the vector for not only steppe-related ancestry, but consolidated Bell Beaker genetic ancestry throughout the whole of Iberia. It's basically Iberian Iron Age proto-history repeating itself previously. There are the populous, high culture centers in the coastal East, West and South and then cattle country interiors that ascend from obscurity to increasingly fortified and aggressive plains communities.
To be continued....
|Fatima Bedredime, 94 by photographer Zohra Bensemra/Reuters (Berber profile via IBD)|
To be continued....